VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1, PUBLISHED JANUARY 2021
Evaluation of Water Quality Index of River Musa for Drinking Purpose in Bida, Nigeria
Abubakar, Y. and Abdulrahman, N.
BADEGGI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND ENVIRONMENT, 2021, 03(01), 51 – 61
River Musa in Bida, Nigeria is of great importance to the people of the town and its environs. Due to the indiscriminate disposal of domestic and industrial effluents into the river, there is a need to evaluate the river water quality for drinking purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate some selected physicochemical parameters (Total dissolved solids (TDS), pH, ammonia (NH4), Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium and four heavy metals ( Fe, Pb, Cu and Mn)) of water from River Musa to reveal the detailed water quality of the river for its suitability for drinking purpose. To achieve this objective, the Canadian Council Water Quality index (CCWQI) was applied to the analytical results of the selected parameters to obtain a single value that was used to rank the river at each of the sampling locations. The annualaverage water quality indexes (for both rainy and dry season) at five locations are (40.9, 42, 40, 39.1 and 37.5). The results showed that the water quality of the entire river is poor (39.9) and the river water is not suitable for drinking purposes.
Viruses Infecting Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) in Nigeria
Musa, A., Alegbejo, M. D., Kashina, B. D., Abraham, P., and Mohammed, I. U.
BADEGGI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND ENVIRONMENT, 2021, 03(01), 62 – 70
Sweet potato is the second most important root crop after cassava in Nigeria. Due to decline in Nigeria‘s economy in recent years, the production of sweet potato has significantly increased from 2.4 million metric tonnes in 2000 to 4.1 million metric tons in 2017 to meet up with its demand for local consumption. However, the profitable production of the crop is being threatened by virus diseases such as Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV), Sweet potato mild mottle virus (SPMMV), Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV), Sweet potato leaf curl virus (SPLCV), and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). Useful information about these viruses is instrumental in the effective management of the crop in Nigeria. This paper reviewed the major viruses that affect sweet potato production in Nigeria.
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National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi, Niger State, Nigeria