Guide to Authors


Badeggi Journal of Agricultural Research and Environment (BJARE) is an official publication of the National Cereals Research Institute Badeggi, Nigeria. Manuscripts submitted are PEER-REVIEWED. Submission can be made at any time while the manuscripts are published quarterly.

It is expected that the manuscript be written in clear and concise British or American English language (Not mixed style). The manuscript should be in Microsoft Word, typeset in double space using times new roman. The margins should be 2.5cm in an A4 format.

 Full research paper is expected to be at least 3,000 words and not more than 7,500 words (not including references) with minimum

 Review articles should be in areas of topical interest with focus on literature published majorly over the previous five years. It should not exceed 10,000 words from introduction to conclusion (not including references). The review articles should not contain more than 100 references.

 Research notes should not exceed six (6) pages, describing work that may be of a preliminary nature but merits publication. These papers should not contain more than 40 references.

 The content of full research paper and research notes should contain the following;


The title should be clear and represent the content. It should be in a sentence case format with first letter of the keywords in capital letter. This should be followed by name(s) of the author(s) (surname followed by initials), affiliation(s) and mailing address including e-mail and phone number of the corresponding author.



Abstract should be a single paragraph of not more than 300 words. Clearly, it should introduce the work and highlight the aim, methods and major findings. No citation is required.



The author should provide five keywords, arranged in alphabetical order and separated using comma. 



Introduction should be brief. It should introduce the work in clear terms; including the brief background to the study, literature review, justification and the aim of the research.


Materials and Methods 

The procedure(s) of the experiment must be clearly stated. Standard and already reported methods should be cited. Any modification of the original method must be duly highlighted. Use standard abbreviation(s). International Standard (IS) units should be used for measurements and be consistent with the format used.


Results and Discussion 

Results and discussion should be combined. Salient findings must be highlighted and well discussed in relation to related works.



A brief conclusion of the research findings and future outlooks should be given. This must be within the limit of the research not on assumptions.


Figures and Plates 

Figures and plates should be given in JPEG format. Figures/plates must be numbered e.g Figure 1, Figure 2 and Plate 1, Plate 2. They should be referred to in the text but placed after the reference section.



Tables should be prepared using MS word table format and numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals (i.e Table 1, Table 2, ….). Each table should bear a descriptive short heading. All tables should be placed after the reference section.



Contributors to the work other than the co-authors may be listed and acknowledged.


Ethics Issues (Where applicable – Study Ethics)

If the work involves the use of animals, authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with animals. The manuscript should be in line with the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and publication of scholarly work in animal study.

 Also, manuscripts should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader; contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition; and use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that manuscripts are free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions.

Declaration of Competing Interest

 All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no interests to declare, the author may state “The authors have no relevant financial or non-financial interests to disclose”.


Authors’ Contributions

Author contribution is required to declare individual contribution to the article: all authors must have participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.


Citation of recent and related works is encouraged; following author, year format.



Relevant references cited in the text should be listed in the reference section. Reference to unpublished work is not advisable. The following style of referencing should be adopted;



Surname, B. Y. (Date Published). Book title. City, Country: Publisher, Page(s)


Reference to a chapter in an edited book: With more than one author – note: “and”

Surname, B. Y. and Surname, B. Y. (Date Published). Chapter title. In B. S. Jones, and R. Z. Smith (Eds.): Book title (pp. xxx-xxx). City, Country: Publisher.



Surname, Z. Y. (Date Published).  Article title. Journal Title, Volume (Issue): Page(s).



Surname, B. H. (Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume (Issue): Page(s).



Surname, R. V. (Date Published). Web page title. Retrieved from Homepage URL



Surname, A. Y. (Year, Month Day published). Article title. Newspaper Title, Page(s).



  1. If there is no date, use “n.d” in parentheses, which means “no date
  2. Page numbers for chapters of books and newspapers are preceded by “p.” or “pp.” [plural], while those of magazines and journals are only written with numbers.



Charges are divided into two categories;

  1. Handling charge: Authors are to pay a non-refundable handling charge of N 6,000 or 20 USD during the manuscript submission. Evidence of payment should be placed at the last page of the manuscript. Article without the evidence of payment will not be processed
  2. Publication fee: Authors shall pay a publication fee of N25, 000 or 65 USD only after the manuscript has been accepted for publication. Payments are to be made into the account below:

Account Name:         Badeggi Journal of Agricultural Research and Environment

Account Number:     2033477673

Name of Bank:          First Bank of Nigeria PLC

Account Type:           Current Account

Bank Branch:                         Bida Branch

Manuscripts are submitted online at or send by e-mail to the editors through or On a successful submission, the manuscript will be assigned a unique registration number for easy identification. Authors are required to quote the number on further communication with the editors, regarding the same manuscript.

Step 1: Author is registered at


Step 2: If already registered, he/she submits the complete manuscript in doc or docx format, including evidence of payment for handling charge

Step 3: Manuscript submitted by the author will be checked by the Technical Editors based on the scope of the research, adherence to the author guide and English writing style (Manuscript may be rejected, if standard criteria are compromised)

Step 4: Submitted manuscript will be assigned a manuscript number

Step 5: Peer review process commenced, manuscript is sent to at least three reviewers (manuscript may be rejected if reviewers comment indicate poor research quality)

Step 6: Authors will receive the manuscript with reviewers’ comment(s)

Step 7: Author(s) will have to submit the revised manuscript to the editor. The revised manuscript will be checked by the technical editors and one or two of the reviewers (Manuscript may be rejected, if the technical editors observed major faults or the reviewers’ inquiries are not satisfied). The authors will be given opportunity to revise the manuscript once more, if the faults are minor.

Step 8: Revised manuscript will be accepted for publication, author(s) will receive letter of acceptance and details about the publication fees

Step 9: Author(s) will need to submit the evidence of payment for the manuscript publication fee and manuscript will be forwarded to production section

Step 10: Galley proof will be formed and send to the author(s) along with copy right form. The authors will be expected to approve the galley for publication and also submit the duly signed copy right form.

Step 11: Typesetting and final editing process will commence based on the final approval of galley proof by the author(s)

Step 12: Manuscript is then published online. Hard copy will be on demand; a letter of request may be sent to the editor-in-chief through e-mail:

For correspondence to the editors: OR

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